森林狼vs勇士 www.dzig.net 一、I. Phonetics ( 5 points )
第1题单选 选出下列选项中划线部分读音不同的选项( )
二、Ⅱ. Vocabulary and Structure( 15 points)
第6题单选 The shop assistant didn′t give me theright __
第7题单选 Susan wants to know whether themeasures have been agreed
第8题单选 ___cave that George has discovered inhis lifetime is near the Alps.
第9题单选 We are all __ at his __ success.
A.surprised ; surprised
C.surprised ; surprising
D.surprised ; surprise
第10题单选 The president __ Mr. Baker medicaladviser.
第11题单选 You cannot ignore the situationforever, one day you will have to __ the consequences of your act.
A.look up to
B.wake up to
C.stand up to
D.face up to
第12题单选 The research laboratory is going to __the new type of computer to use.
第13题单选 We never dared to ask him a question,9
第14题单选 Wood furniture does not depreciate invalue
A.if they are handled properly andprotected properly
B.unless handing and protecting properly
C.if properly handled and protected
D.unless for all its handling andprotection
第15题单选 It is a __ ride from his home to theshopping center.
第16题单选 This is one of the most beautifulpictures of scenery that displayed here.
第17题单选 The moment I got home, I found I __ myjacket on the playground.
第18题单选 He __studied, yet he passed everyexam.
第19题单选 Tiangong-I was successfullylaunched __ September 29th,2011 __ Jiuquan, Gansu province.
第20题单选 The gardener was called in to tell theway __ the poor dog had died.
三、Ⅲ. Cloze ( 30 points)
Whatis intelligence(智力) anyway? When was in the army I 21 an intelligencetest that all soldiers took, and, against 22 of 100, scored 160.
I had an auto-repairman once, who, on these intelligence tests, could not 23 have scored morethan 80.24, when anything went wrong with my car I hurried to him--andhe always 25 it.
Well ,then, suppose my auto-repairman designed questions for some intelligence tests. By everyone of them I′dprove myself a 26. In a world where I have to work with my hands,I′d dopoorly.
Consider my auto-repair man 27. He had a habit of telling jokes.One time he said, "Doc,a deaf-and-dumb(聋哑)man 28some nails. Having entered a store, he put two fingers together on thecounter and made 29 movements with the other hand. The clerk brought hima hammer. He 30 his head and pointed to the two fingers he washammering. The clerk brought him some
nails. He picked out the right size andleft. Well, Doc, the 31 man who came in was blind. He blind. He wantedscissors( 剪刀 ).32 do you suppose he asked forthem?" I lifted my right hand and made scissoring movements with my firsttwo fingers. He burst out laughing and said," Why, you fool, he used hisvoice and asked for them. I′ve been 33 that on all my customers today,but I knew 34 I′d catch you. " "Why is that.′?" I asked."Because you are so goddamned educated, Doc. I knew you couldn′t be very 35"
And I have an uneasy feeling he hadsomething there.
第21题单选 第21题答案是( )
A.failed B.wrote C.Received D.chose
第22题单选 第22题答案是( )
A.an average B.a total C.an exam D.a number
第23题单选 第23题答案是( )
A.always B.Possibly C.Certainly D.frequently
第24题单选 第24题答案是( )
A.Then B.Thus C.Therefore D.Yet
第25题单选 第25题答案是( )
A.fixed B.Checked C.drove D.changed
第26题单选 第26题答案是( )
A.teacher B.Doctor C.winner D.Fool
第27题单选 第27题答案是( )
A.again B.as usual C.Too D.as well
第28题单选 第28题答案是( )
A.bought B.Tested C.Found D.needed
第29题单选 第29题答案是( )
A.cutting B.Hammering C.waving D.circling
第30题单选 第30题答案是( )
A.nodded B.Raised C.shook D.turned
第31题单选 第31题答案是( )
A.clever B.other C.Fight D.next
第32题单选 第32题答案是( )
A.What B.How C.Who D.Which
A.trying B.Proving C.practicing D.examining
第34题单选 第34题答案是( )
A.for sure B.at once C.in fact D.right now
第35题单选 第35题答案是( )
A.clear B.Silly C.Slow D.smart
四、IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points )
Therehas been,in history, a man who was swallowed by a whale and lived to tell thetale. The man′s name is James Bartley. The records to prove his unusualexperience are in the British Admiralty.
Bartley was making his first trip on thewhaling ship Star of the East. Suddenly the lookout sighted a huge sperm whale.The whalers knew it was a huge whale by the size of the spray it blew into theair. They lowered their small boats. James Bartley was in the first longboat.The men rowed until they were close to the whale. A harpoon was thrown and itfound its mark. It sank into the whale′s flesh. The maddened beast crashed intothe boat, snapping its tail at the men and the wreck-age of their boats. Whenthe survivors were picked up ,James Bartley was missing.
Shortly before sunset,the whale was finally captured. The sailors tiedthe whale′s dead body to the side of the ship. Because of the hot weather itwas important that they cut up the whale right away. Otherwise, the meat wouldbegin to rot and the oil would begin to spoil. When they got to the stomach,theyfelt something moving about wildly. They thought it would be a big fish stillalive in-side. But when they opened the stomach they found James Bartley. Afterthis trip, Bartley settled in England, and never returned to sea.
第36题单选 This passage is mainly about __
A.how to hunt whales for their oil andmeat
B.the hard and dangerous lives thatwhalers had to live
C.the duties of each man on a whalingship
D.a man who was swallowed by a whale andlived
第37题单选 The sailors knew that something was inthe whale′s stomach because __
A.they could feel it moving about wildly
B.the whale seemed very heavy
C.the whale was swelling at one spot
D.the captain heard Bartley yelling forhelp
第38题单选 James Bartley probably never went tosea again because __
A.he wanted different kinds of adventures
B.of fright and shock
C.he was crippled by the whale
D.he often got seasick
第39题单选 The author, in telling James Bartley′sstory, informs us by ____
A.narrating the plain facts
B.referring to whaling in general
C.comparing whaling to other fishing
D.dramatically telling what happened
Thiswas no ordinary class. The students who came together were all science orengineering professors at Cornell University. They had interrupted theirresearch to accept an invitation to take part in an unusual experiment :"an interesting week of poetry. "This class was part of a study toanswer the questions:Why is science difficult for many nonscience students?What can teachers learn about teaching if they take a class that is not intheir field?
The students in the poetry class listened to lectures and tooknotes. They had reading tasks and had to write three short papers. Allstudents noticed one thing--the importance of spoken words. In science andengineering classes, the instructors put tables and drawings on the blackboard.But in this poetry class, the instructors just talked. They didn′t writeanything on the board.
The scientists and engineers noticed one similarity betweenscience and poetry. In both subjects,students need to find layers(层次 of meaning. Some layers are simple, clear, and on the surface;otherlayers are deeper and more difficult. This search for different levels ofmeaning doesn′t happen much in undergraduate(本科)science classes, but it is important later, in graduate school.And it is alwaysimportant in humanities(人文科学).
Both the poetry instructors and theirstudents learned something about teaching from this experience. One poetryinstructor, for example, now sees the importance of using careful, cleardefinitions (定义) when he explains a poem. He also plans tobe more informative as he teaches. Most of the scientists agreed on severalpoints. First ,humanities classes might help science students to see patterns anddecide which information is important. Second, the poetry class was fun. Oneengineer decided, "We need to change the way we teach engineering to makeit an enjoyable experience for students. "
But perhaps the most important result of the experience was this:All of the professors began to think about how they teach and how they canteach better.
第40题单选 What do we know about thisunusual class?
A.The teachers did lots of writing on theboard.
B.The teachers were invited to attendseveral lectures.
C.The students were professors from auniversity.
D.The students were studying science andhumanities.
第41题单选 The experiment was designed to findout __
A.how to teach the students in thescience class
B.whether poetry is difficult for sciencestudents
C.what to be taught in the humanitiesclass
D.why many humanities students findscience hard
第42题单选 Finding levels of meaning is ___
A.important for graduate students inhumanities
B.difficult for graduate students inhumanities
C.common for undergraduate students inscience
D.easy for undergraduate students inscience
第43题单选 What did the science professors learnafter the experiment?
A.They should change the way they teach.
B.A poem could be explained in cleardefinitions.
C.A poetry class could be moreinformative.
D.Their teaching was an enjoyableexperience.
Ifwe had to rely on only five senses for survival, we would be in very sad shape indeed.Wewouldn′t know up from down. We wouldn′t know when to eat or drink. We wouldn′tknow what our muscles were doing or what position our limbs were in. Wewouldn′t know when our body was dam-aged because we wouldn′t feel pain. Wemight freeze to death without even a shiver, or overheat with-out a drop ofsweat. The five senses--touch,taste, smell, hearing and sight--respond only tostimulation from the outside world,but the inside world of our bodies must alsoreceive and respond to important messages.
Our internal senseskeep us alive and enable us to use our external senses. In effect, the internalsenses tell our brains how to run our bodies. Hunger or thirst registers in apart of the brain called the hypothalamus(丘脑下部),when a lack of food chemicals are detected in the blood.
Another internal sense that controls our balance is maintained by threefluid-filled loops in the inner ear. Changes in position and gravity affect themotion of this liquid and cause changes in the brain. A sense called kinesthesia(肌肉运动知觉)lets us know the relative positions ofparts of our bodies. Even our breathing is caused by a sense that identifies anoverabundance of carbon dioxide and a lack of oxygen in the blood.
No one has been able to count the number of internal senses. Thepresence of delicate internal senses shows just how marvelously complex wehuman beings are.
第44题单选 This passage deal mostly withthe __
B.sense of balance
第45题单选 Hunger is caused by __
A.too much food and water in thebody
B.a lack of oxygen in the blood
C.seeing or thinking about food
D.a lack of certain chemicals in theblood
第46题单选 The passage implies that there aremany senses we __
A.can use only in emergencies
B.may not understand at present
C.never realize we have
D.do not actively use in everyday living
第47题单选 In the second paragraph,the term"in effect" means __
B.it is doubtful
People are used to speaking theirnative language, so immigrants are having many problems be-tween the firstgeneration and the second generation because they don′t have the same nativelanguage. Also, the second generation is losing their identity. Especially inAmerica, there are many immigrants that came from different countries tosucceed in the States. Because they suffer in lots of areas such as getting ajob and trying to speak English, they want their children to speak English, notonly at school, but also at home in order to be more successful. Because ofthis situation, their children are losing their ethnic identity.
For example, my aunt,who has been living in Chicago for twenty-five years, has three children andthey were all born in the States. The eighteen-year old daughter speaks Englishas a native language and she speaks Korean very well too. She has no problemstalking with her parents, but she still doesn′t understand Korean jokes, andthere are sometimes misunderstandings. The second daughter is fourteen yearsold, and she doesn′t want to speak Korean. My aunt often gets upset with herbe-cause she is very Americanized and they cannot understand each other. Evenwhen my aunt punishes her,this daughter does not understand what my aunt istalking about. The third child is a twelve-year-old son. He speaks English tohis parents and my aunt speaks Korean to him as she does to the seconddaughter. He also has a problem communicating with his parents. My aunt istrying to teach him to speak both languages, but it is very hard for himbecause he speaks English all day and does not understand why he should learnto speak Korean.
We must realize thatlanguage is important and valuable for many reasons. Immigrants should make aneffort to make their children understand their heritage by teaching them theparents′ language. This is very important, not only for the harmony of thefamily, but also in helping the second generation establish their identity.
第48题单选 What do you think this articleis about.?
A.Learning a second language.
B.Immigrants who become sick in the US.
C.Schools attended by immigrants to theUS.
D.Language and its effect on the identityof immigrants.
第49题单选 To whom does the mother speak Korean?
A.Her oldest daughter only.
B.Her two daughters only.
C.All of her children.
D.Only to her son.
第50题单选 Why did the author′s aunt try to teachher children to speak Korean?
A.To help her improve her Korean languageskills.
B.To help them establish a Koreanidentity.
C.To help them succeed in the US.
D.To help them find a good job.
第51题单选 Based on the passage, the phrase"your identity" means
C.who you are
D.where you are from
Manypeople want to know how to analyze problems they meet. There are six stages inanalyzing a problem.
First the person mustrecognize that there is a problem. For example, Sam′s bicycle is broken,and hecannot ride it to class as he usually does. Sam must see that there is aproblem with his bicycle.
Next the thinkermust define the problem. Before Sam can repair his bicycle, he must find the reasonwhy it does not work. For instance, he must determine if the problem is withthe gears, the brakes, or the frame. He must make his problem more specific.
Now the personmust look for information that will make the problem clearer and lead topossible solutions. For instance, suppose Sam decided that his bike does notwork because there is some-thing wrong with the gear wheels. At this time, hecan look in his bicycle repair book and read about gears. He can talk to hisfriends at the bike shop.
After studyingthe problem, the person should have several suggestions for a possiblesolution. Take Sam as an illustration. His suggestions might be:put oil on thegear wheels;buy new gear wheels and replace the old ones;tighten or loosen thegear wheels.
Eventually onesuggestion seems to be the solution to the problem. Sometimes the final idea comesvery suddenly because the thinker suddenly sees something new or sees somethingin a new way. Sam, for example, suddenly sees that there is a piece of chewinggum between the gear wheels. He immediately realizes the solution to hisproblem:he must clean the gear wheels.
Finally thesolution is tested. Sam cleans the gear wheels and finds that afterwards his bicycleworks perfectly. In short, he has solved the problem.
第52题单选 In analyzing a problem weshould do all the following except __
A.recognize and define the problem
B.look for information to make theproblem clearer
C.have suggestions for a possible solution
D.find a solution by trial or mistake
第53题单选 By referring to Sam′s broken bicycle,the author intends to
A.illustrate the ways to repair hisbicycle
B.discuss the problems of this bicycle
C.tell us how to solve a problem
D.show us how simple it is to repair abicycle
第54题单选 As used in the last sentence,thephrase "in short" means __
A.in the long run
D.in a word
第55题单选 What is the best title for thispassage?
A.Six Stages for Repairing Sam'sBicycle
B.Possible Steps of Problem-solving
C.Necessities of Problem Analysis
D.Importance of Analyzing a Problem
五、V. Daily Conversation ( 15 points )
Gary:Dear,I have to go to the office earlytoday. Can you take Sally to school?
Ada:Sure. Want me to give you a ride?
Gary:No,forget it.56. It′s veryquick. I′ll pick Sally up this afternoon. You can just come home after work.
Ada:OK. Oh, I almost forgot.57.I′ve made an evening appointment with Mr. Steven to talk about our nextproject.
Gary:Oh, I see.58. Hurry Sally up alittle. She hasn′t even had her breakfast yet.
Ada : OK.59. Love you,honey.
Gary :I love you, too.60
六、VI. Writing ( 25 points)